You depend on electricity to make many parts of your home functioning, but faulty wiring can make you in trouble. Normally, the wiring needs some basic works that you can do for yourself. Apparently, there are some few electrical wiring techniques every bonafide homeowner should know about the home’s electrical system. A clear understanding of how the electrical system works is a valuable knowledge especially when you start doing a common electrical repair in the house. Knowing the following basic electrical works techniques can only be good for your home and save you a lot of money that could otherwise go to an electrician.
Any electrical work is safe if you adhere to the important safety measures. As a rule of thumb, shut off the power at the breaker and tape the circuit breaker into the off position: leave a note you are working on the circuit. Test using a voltage tester to make certain power is off before you can start any electrical works.
1. Stripping a Wire
Every time you intend to make an electrical connection, ensure you first strip the insulation from the wire ends. It’s quite an easy process but again be sure to do it right and most importantly using the right tools. Using the wrong tools such as a knife to strip the wire instead of a stripper will most likely nick the copper and hence weaken the wire. Additionally, using a pair of household slip-joint pliers can be difficult, and create a dangerous condition when a loose connection comes apart. However, lineman’s pliers will help make professional quality connections with ease.
2. Joining Wire to a Terminal
This is a simple procedure but again it’s worth a little practice and a few minutes to learn and understand how to make a secure connection just as solid as that made by a professional. Normally, terminal connections are subjected to a lot of stress especially when devices such as receptacles and switches are pushed into boxes. This may cause a poor connection to come loose, creating a dangerous condition.
3. Splicing Wire
After you strip a wire, always check the bare part to make sure it’s not gouging. Using a lineman’s pliers, grip both the stripped ends of the wire next to each other. Use the pliers to twist clockwise; however, don’t twist so hard because this could break a wire. It would be advisable to practice on a scrap wire before you can start the actual project. Cut the wire ends of the splice with either a lineman’s pliers or diagonal cutters. After splicing wires and adding the right size nut, tug on the wires to make certain they are tightly and securely joined.
Well, you don’t have to become an electrical specialist in electrical repairs, but again don’t be ignorant on the subject and assume your work will be safe and reliable. If in doubt, consult a reputable technician or electrician who understands all aspects of home wiring and can wire your home safely and fast than it takes you to learn.